Автор Тема: потырено на ФБ  (Прочитано 4828 раз)

0 Пользователей и 1 Гость просматривают эту тему.

Оффлайн Серая и пушистая

потырено на ФБ
« Ответ #15 : 13 Май 2014, 22:20:01 »
Спасибо)))))

Оффлайн Alveig

  • Глобальный модератор
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 2766
  • Спасибо: +276/-3
  • Последнее посещение :
    23 Сентябрь 2018, 20:51:53
  • Моя собака: Барюша
потырено на ФБ
« Ответ #16 : 21 Май 2014, 08:58:04 »
What Every Vet (And Pet Owner) Should Know About Vaccines


Are you and your vet at odds about how often your dog should be vaccinated for the core vaccines?  We’re here to help.

First, it is important to understand that the core vaccines are not required by law – only rabies can be.  Nobody can force you to vaccinate your dog with any other vaccine.  This is a decision best left up to you and your vet.  Before that decision is made however, make certain that you are both aware of the duration of immunity of those vaccines and the potentially lethal consequences of giving just one vaccine too many.

More is not better

When it comes to immunity and duration of immunity for vaccines, there is one clear expert.  Dr Ronald D Schultz is one of perhaps three or four researchers doing challenge studies on veterinary vaccines – and he has been doing these studies for 40 years.  It is Dr Schultz’s work that prompted the AAHA and AVMA to re-evaluate vaccine schedules.  In 2003, The American Animal Hospital Association Canine Vaccine Taskforce warned vets in JAAHA (39 March/April 2003) that ‘Misunderstanding, misinformation and the conservative nature of our profession have largely slowed adoption of protocols advocating decreased frequency of vaccination’; ‘Immunological memory provides durations of immunity for core infectious diseases that far exceed the traditional recommendations for annual vaccination.’

Цитировать
‘This is supported by a growing body of veterinary information  as well-developed epidemiological vigilance in human medicine that indicates immunity induced by vaccination is extremely long lasting and, in most cases, lifelong.’

“The recommendation for annual re-vaccination is a practice that was officially started in 1978.”  says Dr Schultz.  “This recommendation was made without any scientific validation of the need to booster immunity so frequently. In fact the presence of good humoral antibody levels blocks the anamnestic response to vaccine boosters just as maternal antibody blocks the response in some young animals.”

He adds:  “The patient receives no benefit and may be placed at serious risk when an unnecessary vaccine is given. Few or no scientific studies have demonstrated a need for cats or dogs to be revaccinated. Annual vaccination for diseases caused by CDV, CPV2, FPLP and FeLV has not been shown to provide a level of immunity any different from the immunity in an animal vaccinated and immunized at an early age and challenged years later. We have found that annual revaccination with the vaccines that provide long-term immunity provides no demonstrable benefit.”

Below is the result of duration of immunity testing on over 1,000 dogs.  Both challenge (exposure to the real virus) and serology (antibody titer results) are shown below:

Table 1: Minimum Duration of Immunity for Canine Vaccines

Vaccine                  Minimum Duration of Immunity   Methods Used to Determine Immunity

                                                   CORE VACCINES

Canine Distemper Virus (CDV)   
   
Rockbom Strain                      7 yrs / 15 yrs           challenge / serology
Onderstepoort Strain                 5 yrs / 9 yrs                 challenge / serology
Canine Adenovirus-2 (CAV-2)   7 yrs / 9 yrs                 challenge-CAV-1 / serology
Canine Parvovirus-2 (CAV-2)   7 yrs                               challenge / serology

It is important to note that this is the MINIMUM duration of immunity.  These ceilings reflect not the duration of immunity, rather the duration of the studies.

Dr Schultz explains “It is important to understand that these are minimum DOI’s and longer studies have not been done with certain of the above products. It is possible that some or all of these products will provide lifelong immunity.”

Dr Schultz has seen these results repeated over the years.  In 2010, he published the following with newer generation, recombinant vaccines.  It is important to note that not only did the vaccines provide protection for a minimum of 4 to 5 years, it did so in 100% of the dogs tested.





Vaccine Dangers

Why is it important to understand Dr Schultz’s work?  Because vaccines can create very real health problems in dogs.  It is important that vaccines are only given when necessary because every vaccine has the potential to kill the patient or create debilitating chronic diseases including cancer and allergies.

Below is a list of potential adverse vaccine reactions, according to Dr Schultz:

Common Reactions : 

•  Lethargy 
•  Hair Loss, hair color change at injection Site
•  Fever
•  Soreness 
•  Stiffness 
•  Refusal to eat 
•  Conjunctivitis
•  Sneezing 
•  Oral ulcers 

Moderate Reactions:

•  Immunosupression 
•  Behavioral changes
•  Vitiligo
•  Weight loss (Cachexia)
•  Reduced milk production 
•  Lameness
•  Granulomas/Abscesses
•  Hives
•  FacialeEdema
•  Atopy
•  Respiratory disease
•  Allergic uveitis (Blue Eye)

Severe Reactions triggered by Vaccines :

•  Vaccine injection site sarcomas
•  Anaphylaxis
•  Arthritis, polyarthritis 
•  HOD hypertrophy osteodystrophy 
•  Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
•  Immune Mediated Thrombocytopenia (IMTP)
•  Hemolytic disease of the newborn (Neonatal Isoerythrolysis)
•  Thyroiditis 
•  Glomerulonephritis
•  Disease or enhanced disease which with the vaccine was designed to prevent
•  Myocarditis
•  Post vaccinal Encephalitis or polyneuritis 
•  Seizures 
•  Abortion, congenital anomalies, embryonic/fetal death, failure to conceive

Dr Schultz summarizes his 40 years of research with the following:

Цитировать
“Only one dose of the modified-live canine ‘core’ vaccine (against CDV, CAV-2 and CPV-2) or modified-live feline ‘core’ vaccine (against FPV, FCV and FHV), when administered at 16 weeks or older, will provide long lasting (many years to a lifetime) immunity in a very high percentage of animals.”

We understand vets are frightened because they have seen animals die and suffer from preventable disease.  Vaccine-induced diseases are also deadly and they are also preventable.  Our companion animals rely on vets to make the right decisions when it comes to vaccines.  We are begging vets to stand up and take notice – our pets’ lives depend on it.



Vaccine damaged dogs

















Оффлайн Alveig

  • Глобальный модератор
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 2766
  • Спасибо: +276/-3
  • Последнее посещение :
    23 Сентябрь 2018, 20:51:53
  • Моя собака: Барюша
потырено на ФБ
« Ответ #17 : 21 Май 2014, 10:22:44 »
If ever you see your cat or dog do this PLEASE take them to the vet…


I thought they were just being cute. Or just being ‘scolded’. But when I found out the probably reason behind it I thought should share this because it could be a sign of very dangerous conditions and knowing will hopefully save your pet’s life.









It’s called “head pressing” and it occurs in dogs and cats.

Цитировать
Head pressing is characterized by the compulsive act of pressing the head against a wall or other object for no apparent reason. This generally indicates damage to the nervous system, which may result from a number of varying causes, including prosencephalon disease (in which the forebrain and thalamusparts of the brain are damaged), or toxic poisoning.

Read more about it

http://www.petmd.com/cat/conditions/neurological/c_ct_headpressing

http://www.vet.cornell.edu/FHC/health_resources/toxoplasmosis.cfm (head pressing is listed as a symptom)

http://sevneurology.com/patients/clip-multilobular-osteochondroma (About a dog’s brain tumor but head pressing is listed as a symptom)

I saw something like this on tumblr and thought the word should be spread here, too. It could save your animal's life. Head pressing can be cute (not to be confused with when a cat or dog headbutts their owner affectionately) but it can be a sign of very dangerous conditions.

Оффлайн Alveig

  • Глобальный модератор
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 2766
  • Спасибо: +276/-3
  • Последнее посещение :
    23 Сентябрь 2018, 20:51:53
  • Моя собака: Барюша
потырено на ФБ
« Ответ #18 : 18 Август 2014, 14:19:32 »
How To Pick The Best Puppy

One of the most important moments in dog breeding is the evaluation of the puppies. Many people are not talented when it comes to choosing a puppy to keep. The breeder must know what to look for in order to make that decision. As a breeder you look at the puppies first when they are born. Take notice who the strongest and most vital ones are already during this first stage in life. Which one was nursing the best? Which found the best position and the biggest nipple? Usually this will be the strongest ones. Keep your eyes on these puppies. How do you evaluate and choose the best puppy as they are bit older? The answer is easy.  Keep the big picture in mind.

I do evaluate my puppies when they start to come up on their feet. You see the best balanced puppy stand up and walk first. The sooner the puppy walks the better.  The timing of when the puppies walk and stand up has a very strong and positive connection with overall balance. Keep that in mind. Watch which puppies have the strongest temperament in the litter. Quite often they are the ones that stand up first. Very often they are the same puppies that had the best position when nursing as newborns. This is the logical and rational game of natural selection. A puppy that fits all these criteria is the strongest and a good choice for every breeder to keep.

Later on as the puppies turn 7 to 8 weeks it is a good indicator to take pictures. Take a picture of your puppies stacked. Look at the proportions and trust in what you see in the photo. In my breeds very often the height to lenght ratio can be seen at this stage. If a puppy is too long in body quite often they will be long when they grow up too. Trust what you see and try to be objective. The breed’s typical shape must be there.

Another important thing when you evaluate your puppies is to observe them when they wake up. Let them play and watch from a distance. Observe the whole litter from quite far a way. Which one gest up on its feet first? Which one moves effortlessly? Which one has the best carriage? Who is the real star of the litter? Take the one that stands out and is shining from a distance. If there is none – do not keep anything. If in the following litter there are several that stand out and shine – keep them both or all. This is the only way your breeding can go forward.

So many people have lost the focus. They do take their puppies on the table and stare at them forever. If there is true potential in the litter – you do need only a few seconds to pich the right one. So keep always a big picture in mind when choosing a puppy. It is as simple as that! Do not make the evaluation process too complicated. Of course you have to make sure that the puppy that you pick has a nice head, good bite and excellent pigmentation etc. However the fact remains that as you pick the very best puppy, the evaluation process should be the other way around. The very best puppy should pick you! It stands out so much that the only thing it takes is to point to this one and say, “that is mine!”

10 facts to remember, when you want your puppy to turn into a show star

1. Let the puppy grow as freely and wild as possible! A puppy can build the strongest self esteem if it is allowed to explore it´s own limits with a happy attitude.

2. Give lots of love and attention to your puppy!

3. Do not let other dominant dogs destroy your puppy’s positive spirit! Let your puppy spend time with very gentle but self secure older dogs. I call them nannies. This nanny must have very calm nerves and she will not upset the puppy, she is never aggressive but very soft to the puppy. Other puppies or gentle playful adults are the best company for your puppy.

4. Strengthen the bond with your puppy by playing! Playing is the best way to bond and to keep a happy atmosphere.

5. Take your puppy to strange places and to its first shows and just play! Choose the first shows outdoors in a stress free environment!

6. Let your puppy eat a lot! Make sure your puppy gets raw bovine cartilage. I feel that will secure the healthiest bone structure. I do also recommend green tripe. Prepare this together with top quality food.

Let your puppy play and run as much on natural soft ground as possible! Forest, field and grass is the best.

8. Trust your puppy! Let your puppy grow up stress free. Do judge your puppy as it is fully matured! Without trust your puppy will never turnout. It is all about faith. If there is no faith there is no beauty.

9. The best and finest dog has inner and outer beauty. Really impressive dogs must have a strong aura and charisma. It is the owner who must support the puppy’s inner beauty by loving and tender care. You must have a lot of energy and love to offer for your growing puppy. There will be a day when your dog will pay you back.

10. Pick the puppy that has the true potential from the very beginning. The strongest and most balanced puppy is the first one up in its feet. The very best dogs are the natural survivors and winners. They do shine already in the whelping box. It is your job to keep up that spirit.

The very best show dogs has the potential from the very beginning. It is owners job to secure and keep up the spirit and beauty. The finest dogs have charisma. They are beautiful inside and out.

Оффлайн Alveig

  • Глобальный модератор
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 2766
  • Спасибо: +276/-3
  • Последнее посещение :
    23 Сентябрь 2018, 20:51:53
  • Моя собака: Барюша
потырено на ФБ
« Ответ #19 : 21 Август 2014, 16:06:32 »









Оффлайн Каб

  • Модерируемые
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 1569
  • Спасибо: +160/-45
  • И как спали вповалку Живые, не видя снов
  • Последнее посещение :
    Вчера в 20:43:18
потырено на ФБ
« Ответ #20 : 21 Август 2014, 21:32:18 »
И тут все - шпрехают и в теме.чЕ нормально.
быгыг.
у мну этот сайт в опере,в закладках.
Перевёл бы кто,что янчики - трут.

санкции чЁль отменили?

Оффлайн Alveig

  • Глобальный модератор
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 2766
  • Спасибо: +276/-3
  • Последнее посещение :
    23 Сентябрь 2018, 20:51:53
  • Моя собака: Барюша
потырено на ФБ
« Ответ #21 : 27 Сентябрь 2014, 08:09:56 »
Why some dogs fear Judges


There can be any number of triggers that cause a dog to be wary but it’s not what causes this to happen as much as what you do about it that matters. 

Judges with hats. Judges in raincoats. Judges in long, flowing skirts. Judges who stare. Judges who hurl headlong toward your dog. These are just some of the scenarios that your dog has to face when a judge approaches them. If we leave the decision as to whether they should be fearful or not, then the decision our dog makes, might not be the decision we were hoping for in the show ring. Consider this, for example.

A team of zoologists following a pack of wild wolves on a hunt in Northern Europe were amazed to observe exactly how influential the decision making of the alpha of the pack can be while observing a challenge by a bull reindeer to protect the herd. Now, bull reindeer are not “Bambi”. They can weigh upwards of 600Kg (300 pounds) and are capable of killing wolves with a single kick let alone what they can do using their antlers.

What amazed the zoologists was when a bull reindeer charged the herding wolves, if the alpha wolf held its ground, then all of the hunting pack would also hold their ground. Just as amazing, if the alpha wolf decided discretion was the better part of valour and left the hunt, all the pack would leave the hunt too. Even a young wolf that had previously challenged the alpha to lead the hunt (and lost) would not turn and bark at the bull reindeer. This illustrates just how reliant the pack is on the judgment of the alpha even when it comes to life and death.

The point is, if your dog is prone to backing away from the judge, then it’s up to you to assume the role of TOP DOG. You can do this by applying the following.

YOUR POSTURE

Stand tall: Do not lower yourself to nurture or console your dog of the impending danger i.e. the approaching judge, or reduce your height to the dog like you might if you are consoling a small child.Dogs interpret this human signal as a dog, not as a human and, to them, lowering yourself is an indication that you’re fearful and don’t want to be the leader. If this happens, then they must assume the role as TOP DOG. This means they must decide whether to run or stay. If you are the TOP DOG then this decision is yours – not your dog’s.

POSITION

Do not stand back behind your dog when the judge is approaching. This positioning puts your dog in the lead and thus in the role of decision maker. Place yourself as near to the front left eye line of your dog as you can. This lets your dog see that you’re there and assessing what danger the judge represents. While you’re doing this, make sure that you give the complete appearance of being calm and confident.

SIGNAL

Your first signal should be a calming, voice aid to gain your dog’s attention. Then, as outlined above, you use a sight aid to project stillness and calm. The  third signal is touch (remember, all your signals should be calming), which requires you to gently apply pressure on the lead until your dog can feel the contact. You can then ease off the lead so that it is taut but not tight.

SHOW THE TEETH

Distract your dog’s attention away from the approaching judge and back to you by making a calming sound and exposing the bite. Make sure that you indicate your intention of showing the teeth to the judge when they are no closer than one metre (yard) away from your dog. You can find out more about showing the teeth here.

USE THE YOKE

Once you’ve shown the judge your dog’s teeth, place your hand with thumb and forefinger open behind your dog’s occiput to display their head in the manner of being very proud of such a quality specimen.

PERSISTENCE

Keep practicing. Remember, the TOP DOG is the one who never, never, EVER gives up

Make this promise to your dog: If a situation is dangerous and you run away, your dog can run with you BUT if you decide that it’s safe to stand your ground, then your dog must stand with you.

Оффлайн Alveig

  • Глобальный модератор
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 2766
  • Спасибо: +276/-3
  • Последнее посещение :
    23 Сентябрь 2018, 20:51:53
  • Моя собака: Барюша
потырено на ФБ
« Ответ #22 : 11 Ноябрь 2014, 17:33:37 »
8 Things You Should Never Feed to Dogs and Cats
Veterinarians are finding that many of our most delicious foods, even healthy ones, can be deadly to animals.

November 10, 2014   |   
 
 Who knew that a few sticks of sugar-free gum could kill your dog? Evidently many people don’t, but the veterinarians who spoke to AlterNet tell us they’re seeing more animals coming in with hypoglycemia after eating as little as a stick of gum sweetened with xylitol. And even if the animal's blood sugar returns to normal, there’s quite a bit of concern that liver damage, and possibly death, may follow.

“It’s not just dogs, it’s cats as well,” says Maureen Saunders, owner/director of the Spring Valley Animal Hospital and Cat Care Clinic of the Nyacks. “And it’s important to get the word out there, so people know to watch for this.”

Many of us tend to think that dogs and cats can eat what humans eat. We often don’t think twice about giving them a bite of our cookie or worry too much when they scavenge for food. But dogs and cats don’t metabolize foods the same way we do, and many of the foods we eat without problems can hurt, and even kill them. Here are eight of the most harmful toxins to keep away from your pets.

1. Xylitol. One of the more ubiquitous sweeteners in sugar-free products, xylitol is a naturally occurring sugar alcohol found in the fibers of many fruits, vegetables and mushrooms. It’s typically extracted from hardwoods and corn cobs for commercial use and found in sugarless gum, toothpaste and many low-calorie baked goods. 

While xylitol has no known toxicity in humans, just a few sticks of sugar-free gum scavenged by a 20-pound dog can cause the dog's insulin levels to spike and send it into hypoglycemia. Ingesting higher amounts of xylitol can create serious liver problems including acute hepatic necrosis, leading to death. Cats are also susceptible to xylitol poisoning.

Sometimes vomiting occurs soon after ingestion, followed by hypoglycemia within the next hour. At this point, the animal may act lethargic and lose coordination as a result of lowered sugar levels. Elevated liver enzymes and liver failure can be seen within a few short days.

If caught within the first few hours and taken to a veterinary clinic, many pets can be nursed back to health by inducing vomiting and perhaps the administration of dextrose.

2. Chocolate. Cocoa, the main ingredient in chocolate, is said to have many health benefits for humans, from lowering the risk of cardiovascular disease to reversing age-related memory loss. However, one chocolate bar can be deadly to a dog or a cat. 

Chocolate, along with coffee and some soda drinks, contains compounds known as methylxanthines. When pets ingest foods with these compounds, they may display signs of hyperactivity, discomfort or excessive thirst. Often, these symptoms give way to abnormal heart rhythms, seizures and even death. Baking chocolate and dark chocolates, which contain more of these compounds, are far more dangerous than milk chocolate or white chocolate.

3. Avocados. Guacamole is a staple dip in many households, and we might think it's harmless to let our pet lick the bowl when we’re done. But the avocado fruit contains persin, a fungicidal toxin. While it is harmless to humans (with the exception of those with avocado allergies), when consumed by dogs and cats it can cause vomiting and diarrhea.

Birds, and rodents such as hamsters and guinea pigs are especially sensitive to avocado poisoning and can develop congestion, difficulty breathing, and fluid accumulation around the heart. Larger amounts of ingested avocado can create similar symptoms in cats and dogs and even cause death.

4. Macadamia nuts. Dog owners should be especially mindful not to feed cookies, especially store-bought ones you might not know the ingredients of, to their pets. Beyond typical macadamia nut cookies, many other flavors of commercial cookies and even some brownies and cakes contain macadamia powder as an ingredient.

Veterinarians are still not quite sure why, but macadamia nuts are known to cause vomiting, ataxia, tremors and hypothermia in dogs, though they don’t seem to have the same effect on cats and other domestic animals. Dr. Saunders says the results can be life-threatening and that elderly dogs may be more at risk.

Dogs typically develop these signs between 12 and 48 hours after ingestion. Vets recommend that asymptomatic dogs should be treated with activated charcoal, while those who become ill should immediately be taken to a vet clinic where treatment may include fluids, analgesics and antipyretics.

5. Grapes and raisins. The veterinary community has recently put out the word that grapes are highly toxic to dogs and cats.

“We didn’t know about this until a few years ago, but eating grapes and raisins can lead to acute kidney failure in pets,” says Dr. Saunders. “Unfortunately, we’re still not sure why some animals can tolerate them and others cannot.”

The ASPCA believes that pets who already have the one of a variety of health conditions may have more dramatic reactions to grape ingestion.

6. Yeast dough. The yeast in uncooked bread dough can rise in a pet’s digestive system and cause high amounts of gas to accumulate. This can cause an animal’s stomach or intestines to rupture, possibly leading to a painful death.

While the ASCPA says that the risk is much lower for pets when the dough has been cooked and fully risen, it can also cause problems. The organization recommends that bread-based treats should be no more than 10% of a pet’s caloric intake.

7. Onions and garlic. “For cats, this is a major issue,” says Dr. Saunders, who says she’s seen several serious cases of onion poisoning. “People might think it’s okay if they’re cooking stew to give some to their pets, but that’s actually a real problem for them.”

It’s not just cats—a dog’s health can also be put at risk by onion ingestion. In both animals, the compunds thiosulfate and allyl propyl disulfide found in onions work to  oxidize an oxygen-transporting protein called hemoglobin in the blood, making it less capable of carrying oxygen throughout the body.

All members of the allium family, which includes garlic, shallots and scallions, contain these compounds, which can wreak havoc on a pet’s red blood cells, if eaten in large enough amounts. Garlic tends to be much more toxic than the common onion. Also, garlic and onion powders, typical ingredients in many soups, baby food and meat sauces, can be quiet killers.

The veterinarians we spoke to say that symptoms typically don’t show up immediately, but eventually the animal becomes lethargic and there can be some physical changes, such as pale gums and dark-colored urine. In the most severe cases of onion poisoning, a blood transfusion might be needed to save the animal's life.

8. Marijuana edibles. Legal in three states, marijuana is often sold in more potent forms, including edibles that taste much like some foods we would typically eat.

Tina Wismer, of the Animal Poison Control Center told NBC News that animals don’t react to the THC in cannabis the same way humans do. “Without treatment, they can go into comas and die,” she says, noting that edibles may be even more lethal if they also contain chocolate or raisins.

A 2012 study published in the Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care found that marijuana ingestion of baked goods that contain medical-grade tetrahydrocannabinol butter can kill a dog. The researchers looked into 125 cases of dogs ingesting marijuana between 2005 and 2010 and found that it resulted in two deaths. Both dogs asphyxiated on their own vomit.


Since marijuana was legalized in Colorado, veterinarians in the state say they’ve seen some dogs die from ingestion. Ashley Harmon, a veterinarian at Fort Collins Veterinary Emergency and Rehabilitation, told a local newspaper that one dog died after eating a pound of pot brownies while another ate a pound of pot butter.

Pet owners who use marijuana edibles in their homes must exercise caution and keep these items securely packaged and out of reach of dogs and cats.

Other Home Toxins

Dr. Saunders says that while pet poisoning from foods is a serious problem, there are many other common home items our pets shouldn’t come in contact with.

“One of the biggest problems I see is people trying to help their pet with medicines to treat them. They often do that by giving them Tylenol, but they end up giving them inappropriate doses,” says Saunders. “This is especially a problem I see with older dogs. Pepto Bismol is given to dogs, but the aspirin in it is a major issue with cats.”

Dr. Saunders says that people should pay particular attention to where they store antifreeze, which contains ethylene glycol. Its sweet smell and taste are attractive to pets as well as wildlife. Antifreeze is deadly when consumed.

Even certain flowers can cause a problem in the home. “ Some types of lilies are a real issue with cats,” she says.

If your pet suddenly becomes ill and you know or suspect it has eaten any foods in this article, Dr. Saunders suggests you immediately contact the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center at 888-426-4435. Also, find out where the emergency veterinary clinic is in your area and keep its address and phone number clearly posted on your fridge in case of emergencies.

Оффлайн BoPoH

  • Администратор
  • Постоялец
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 266
  • Спасибо: +41/-0
  • Я здесь
  • Последнее посещение :
    Вчера в 21:15:02
потырено на ФБ
« Ответ #23 : 11 Ноябрь 2014, 18:44:34 »
Извините, вам запрещён просмотр содержимого спойлеров.
далеко ходить не надо и написано на русском
Кормление Собак. Чем Нельзя Кормить Собаку?, запрещенные продукты
Что из овощей нельзя давать собакам ?, А что можно?

Оффлайн Alveig

  • Глобальный модератор
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 2766
  • Спасибо: +276/-3
  • Последнее посещение :
    23 Сентябрь 2018, 20:51:53
  • Моя собака: Барюша
потырено на ФБ
« Ответ #24 : 11 Декабрь 2014, 08:57:06 »
Извините, вам запрещён просмотр содержимого спойлеров.
далеко ходить не надо и написано на русском
Кормление Собак. Чем Нельзя Кормить Собаку?, запрещенные продукты
Что из овощей нельзя давать собакам ?, А что можно?

да, но там нет про марихуану  ;D ;D ;D ;D ;D



====================================



Have you ever wondered whether you should feed your dog fish oil or coconut oil? The truth is that both oils have wonderful nutritional assets to offer your dog. Below are some facts about both oils that you need to know:

Fish Oil

Fish oil is a long chain fatty acid, comprised of a chain of 18 carbon atoms
Fish oil is an Omega-3 polyunsaturated fat.  Fish oils are comprised of essential fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).  These essential fatty acids are found in cold water fish.
EPA and DHA are highly unsaturated fats because they contain 6 and 5 double carbon bonds on their long structured chain.  Because of the double carbon bonds, fish oil is more unstable and prone to oxidation when subjected to light or high heat during storage.

Benefits
Fish oils primarily have an anti-inflammatory effect and may help against heart disease and cancer.  EPA and DHA are converted into hormone-like substances called prostaglandins, which regulate cell activity and healthy cardiovascular function.
EPA and DHA in fish oils primarily improve brain function and normal eye health.  DHA is a building block of tissue in the brain and retina of the eye.  It helps with forming neural transmitters, such as phosphatidylserine, which is important for brain function.  DHA is found in the retina of the eye.
Studies show that Omega-3 fatty acids may help dogs with osteoarthritis, improving mobility and inflammation.

Coconut Oil

Coconut oil is a medium-chain fatty acid, comprised of a chain of 12 carbon atoms
Coconut oil is a saturated fat.  Unlike the saturated fats in animal fats, which are long chain fatty acids (LCFA), coconut oil contains medium chain fatty acids (MCFA), mainly lauric acid, caprylic acid and capric acid.
Saturated fats are made of single carbon bonds, which mean that the oil is stable and not prone to oxidation or free-radical formation.  Coconut oil does not need to be refrigerated and has shown no signs of rancidity, even after three years of storage.

Benefits
The lauric acid in coconut oil is converted into monoglyceride monolaurin by the body, which keeps animals from getting viral, bacterial or protozoal infections.  Lauric acid is also found in abundance in breast milk so it has similar nutriceutical effects.
The MCFAs are broken down and used for energy production and seldom end up as body fat or as deposits in arteries.  Coconut oil gently elevates the metabolism, provides a higher level of energy and vitaility, protects from illness and speeds healing.  In dogs, the MDFAs in coconut oil balance the thyroid, helping overweight dogs lose weight and helping sedentary dogs feel energetic.
Coconut oil has an anti-inflammatory effect and may help protect against cancer.  As a bonus, coconut oil improves any dog’s skin and coat, improves digestion and reduces allergic reactions.  MCFAs do not have a negative effect on blood cholesterol and help protect against heart disease.


Courtesy of CocoTherapy®

Оффлайн Alveig

  • Глобальный модератор
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 2766
  • Спасибо: +276/-3
  • Последнее посещение :
    23 Сентябрь 2018, 20:51:53
  • Моя собака: Барюша
потырено на ФБ
« Ответ #25 : 16 Апрель 2015, 18:50:24 »
вот, говорю ж...теряю...повесила и забыла....аж два раза повесила одно и тоже  :smile2: а вы даже не подсказали  >:D

тада вот

Show Me The Teeth



Why handlers should show the teeth

Two powerful reasons why, handlers should show the teeth.

I always show the teeth of any dog that I handle, irrespective of its age or experience. My reasons are:
Hygiene.
Reassurance.

Hygiene.

Judges do not wash or sterilize their hands before mouthing your dog and you have no idea what disease the dog/s judged before your dog has.  Not everyone takes the care with their animal husbandry as you do or complies with your moral code of not showing when their dogs have a (not to show) medical problem.

In this modern world we understand far more about the transmitting of a virus or sickness through hand contact with bodily fluids. Widely publicized warnings are now issued for humans to be conscious with their personal hygiene when hand contact is made in public places, i.e. hand rails, door handles etc. then putting our hands to our mouths.

Veterinarians also advise that the same applies with our dogs; parvo virus, kennel cough etc. can be passed on from one dog to another dog after hand contact is made with mouth fluid.

I do not know about you but my dogs are extremely precious and for the sake of a blue ribbon there is no way they would be put to this element of risk, when it can be so easily overcome.



No rules, to stop handlers showing the teeth.

Show the teeth yourself. There are no rules (ANKC) forbidding you the handler to show the teeth of your dog or etiquette that only judges must do the mouthing of your dog.  I have personally always shown my dogs teeth and in all that time only a handful of judges have tried to override my actions and attempt to do the mouthing themselves. When debating the logic for handlers showing the bite (teeth) with a number of  All Breed Judges their response has been powerfully put that it is the right of the judge do the inspection of the mouth and that’s that. Amazing though when these same judges have been observed judging Rottweiler’s they ask the handlers to “show the teeth please”!

There is another powerful reason why I always show the teeth and that is;

Reassurance.

Our dogs know us not the judges and so to reassure the dog I am handling, that this person (the judge) approaching is quite safe, I bring the dog’s attention back to me by showing the teeth.  Now the dog’s concentration is distracted from the approaching judge back to the handler and when the task is carried out correctly, actually calms the dog whilst at the same time encourages the dog to remain stationary and not move.

Sounds simple but to acquire the desired outcome of reassurance there are some tricks you need to become skilled at when carrying out the procedure of revealing the dog’s teeth.  This handling technique when rehearsed to the point of proficiency also eliminates the resistance of judges to insist on their accepted practice and just look instead of the obligatory, times past, automatic of hands in the mouth modus operandi.

Oh and by the way when exposing the dog’s teeth you do not have to look as well, you should know they are in there!

I have not had one compelling reason put to me why judges have to mouth our dogs with their hands, can you think of one?

Оффлайн Alveig

  • Глобальный модератор
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 2766
  • Спасибо: +276/-3
  • Последнее посещение :
    23 Сентябрь 2018, 20:51:53
  • Моя собака: Барюша
потырено на ФБ
« Ответ #26 : 23 Апрель 2015, 08:15:50 »
Shoulders



Why do some dogs have a long smooth stride, and others have a choppy gait, with little front reach?  If you examine the shoulder, you usually find the answer.  The front assembly of the canine is not attached in the same way as the human. Humans have the collar bone or clavicle which runs between the shoulder and the breastbone. The clavicle attaches to the shoulder at the acromio-clavicular joint, and attaches to the breastbone, or sternum, at the sterno-clavicular joint. This rather flimsy arrangement leaves the major part of the attachment of the upper extremity assembly to muscles, but does supply some mechanical (bony) rigidity to the apparatus.

In canines, there is no collar bone. The front assembly literally floats on its muscular and ligamentous attachments. This arrangement suits the need for maximum cushioning and flexibility of the front end of a predator which must catch its fast moving prey. The human needs more stability because his main implement is his hand, and he does not need the impact cushioning because he does not run on all fours.

The function of angulation - the bones folded at angles to one another - is twofold. The most obvious function is that of enabling alteration of the position of the component bones so that the dog can move, and providing levers upon which the muscles can exert mechanical force.

The second function is that of shock absorption. The front end bears about 65-75% of the dog's weight. The angles between the bones of the front limb and shoulder act as a series of leaf springs to absorb the shock of gaiting.  Without these shock absorbers, the front would quickly break down. Thus the shoulder in the canine infant starts out rather short and upright, for maximum strength in weight bearing, and only later, as the animal uses its running gear for several months or even a year or more, do the muscles mature and define the adult shoulder placement. The shoulder muscles and the angles between the bones develop by responding to the need for shock absorption during the stresses of gait.

The first diagram shows the principal muscles which move the front leg forward.  There are many other muscles besides the ones shown, but together they all perform the major functions shown.

The most important joint is the sacpulo-humeral joint. It controls the amount of extension of the shoulder by means of a notch on the top of the humerus. This joint can never open to 180 degrees as a result of this limiting notch, which stops it about 15 degrees short of 180. Thus the maximum angle of the upper arm very much depends on the angle at which the shoulder blade is set on the body.

The shoulder blade can rotate up to 15 degrees from the static position, which in the well angulated shoulder is about 30 degrees (to the vertical). This angles the shoulder, when you add the 15 degrees of additional rotation at maximum extension, to 45 degrees - the angle of maximum stride length. (see fig 3)



Look at the lack of balance in the musculature of the dog with an upright shoulder blade. The areas of attachment of the muscles are limited because the angles are too steep. The angles at which the muscles act limits their mechanical advantage as well.

Dog A. will be able to move easily on a loose lead with his head held at a 90 degree angle to the axis of the shoulderblade. He will have a long stride, and a fluid gait which appears effortless. He always looks good - on or off the leash.

Dog B. has trouble extending his front legs. Because of the steep shoulder, he needs to lower his head to gain effective use of the muscles which move the leg forward.  He will tend to "hang" on the leash to assist himself in getting the front end airborne.  Left to his own devices, he will tend to move with considerable vertical bounce, and with a lower stationed head. Because of the shortened front stride, the rear will tend to kick up behind, rather than reach under the dog.  This dog, if trained to tolerate being "strung up" on the leash, may look very flashy in the ring, as his handler helps him get his front off the ground, the rear is then free to propel him forward.


Оффлайн Alveig

  • Глобальный модератор
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 2766
  • Спасибо: +276/-3
  • Последнее посещение :
    23 Сентябрь 2018, 20:51:53
  • Моя собака: Барюша
потырено на ФБ
« Ответ #27 : 24 Апрель 2015, 09:31:02 »
Наткнулась на материал, который НЕ имеет отношения к собакам, но мне подумалось: "а вдруг?" .. если кто-то натыкался на подобные исследования по собакам - велкам быстро со мной делиться!  :D

Цитировать
Как микрофлора кишечника управляет поведением человека


Бактерии, образующие микрофлору кишечника, могут управлять нашим питанием с целью обеспечения для себя оптимальной среды – такое предположение выдвинула группа ученых-биологов из университетов Сан-Франциско, Аризоны и Нью-Мексико, опубликовавшая свой отчет в журнале «BioEssays».

(Image removed from quote.)

Их исследование, направленное на развитие предыдущих работ по выявлению взаимосвязи между микрофлорой кишечника и физиологией человека, осуществлялась при поддержке Американского сообщества по борьбе с раковыми заболеваниями, Центром проблем рака легких Бонни Дж. Аддарио, института перспективных исследований в Берлине и Национальным институтом здоровья США.

«Бактерии кишечной микрофлоры обладают манипулятивными возможностями», говорит доктор Карло Мали. «Существует конфликт интересов между различными группами бактерий микрофлоры. Некоторые из них совпадают с нашими гастрономическими целями, другие – противоречат им».

Могут ли бактерии микрофлоры вызывать у нас аппетит?

В пищеварительном тракте человека живет такое множество бактерий (их количество в сотни раз превосходит количество наших клеток), что некоторые ученые придумали для их описания коллективный термин, как для экосистемы – «микробиом» или кишечная микрофлора. Внутри этой экосистемы различные типы микроорганизмов имеют разные цели, поэтому их количество возрастает или снижается в зависимости от особенностей и состава среды обитания.

Одним их главных факторов, определяющих состояние нашей желудочно-кишечной среды, безусловно является пища, которую мы едим. Некоторые кишечные бактерии предпочитают питаться жирами, в то время как другие – сахаром. Именно на этом основании ученые сделали предположение, что кишечные бактерии, вероятно, стремятся активно манипулировать химическим составом среды обитания из соображений собственной выгоды. Это, в свою очередь, может означать манипуляции нашим поведением путем стимулирования аппетита к тем или другим продуктам питания, нашим гастрономическим пристрастиям или, наоборот, чувству отвращения при употреблении определенных продуктов.

Несмотря на отсутствие прямых доказательств такого воздействия, ученые заинтересовались результатами одного исследования, которое обнаружило различие в составе микробиальных метаболитов (продуктов обмена веществ) в моче тех людей, которые признают за собой страсть к  шоколаду и тех, кто считает себя равнодушным к нему. Эти различия были зафиксированы даже в условиях, когда обе группы «подопытных» получали совершенно идентичный рацион питания.

Пока не удалось выяснить, в чем именно состоит механизм, с помощью которого бактерии могут манипулировать нашим поведением, существует серьезное теоретическое обоснование такой возможности. Исследования подтвердили существование сильной взаимосвязи между состоянием микрофлоры и работой иммунной, нервной и эндокринной (гормональной) систем человеческого организма. Некоторые ученые полагают, что бактерии могут выделять определенные сигнальные молекулы, влияющие на активность десятичного черепного нерва, проходящего от кишечника к головному мозгу.

«Микробы обладают возможностью управлять нашим поведением и настроением, посылая различные нервные сигналы десятичному черепному нерву, изменяя вкусовые рецепторы, продуцируя токсины, заставляющие нас чувствовать недомогание, а также «химические вознаграждения», вызывающие хорошее самочувствие», считает один из руководителей исследования доктор Атена Актипус. Другое исследование позволило обнаружить, что у людей, употреблявших пробиотический напиток с фолиевой кислотой, действительно существенно улучшалось настроение, однако только в тех случаях, когда этому предшествовали упадок сил и депрессия.

Потенциал изменения рациона питания

Даже если бактерии действительно могут влиять на наше поведение, мы все же далеко не беззащитны. Ведь именно характер питания является главным фактором, определяющим преобладающий тип бактерий в нашем кишечнике. Так, например, в кишечнике людей, живущих в Японии содержится особый тип бактерий, способствующих перевариванию морепродуктов и водорослей.

На самом деле, проведенные эксперименты свидетельствуют, что мы в состоянии изменить состав микрофлоры кишечника в течение всего 24 часов после изменения нашей диеты. «Наш рацион оказывает огромное влияние на популяции микроорганизмов в кишечнике», говорит доктор Мали. «Это полноценная экосистема и она способна реагировать на изменения в течение считанных минут».

Ученым удалось подтвердить, что изменения микрофлоры, вызванные с одной стороны переменой рациона питания или приемом пробиотических препаратов, или с другой стороны, приемом антибиотиков – могут оказывать огромное влияние на состояние здоровья человека.

«Исследования микробиома могут открыть широкие возможности для предотвращения ряда заболеваний, от ожирения и диабета до рака желудочно-кишечного тракта», считает доктор Актипус. По его мнению, сегодня ученые находятся лишь на дальних подступах к пониманию всей важности микрофлоры кишечника для человеческого здоровья и жизни.

Оффлайн Лена Беспалова

  • Глобальный модератор
  • Маламутозависимый
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 14084
  • Спасибо: +284/-5
  • Последнее посещение :
    Вчера в 08:15:39
    Местоположение: г. Энгельс, Саратовская обл.
  • Моя собака: Тася и Варя
потырено на ФБ
« Ответ #28 : 24 Апрель 2015, 10:19:18 »
Интересная идея. Подтверждает старую мысль "ты то, что ты ешь".

Оффлайн Alveig

  • Глобальный модератор
  • Ветеран
  • *****
  • Сообщений: 2766
  • Спасибо: +276/-3
  • Последнее посещение :
    23 Сентябрь 2018, 20:51:53
  • Моя собака: Барюша
потырено на ФБ
« Ответ #29 : 24 Апрель 2015, 11:04:49 »
было бы здорово, если бы что-то подобное было и у собак. Прикиньте, как удобно.... дал одной собаке шоколадку, другой - рыбий жир и поставил в упряжку двух злюк....которые злюками то были толко потому, что им не хватало бактерий  ... или наоборот для служебников...убрал весь шоколад=сдал кёрунг на отлично  :D